Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (“Title IX”), 20 U.S.C. §1681 et seq., is a Federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex—including pregnancy and parental status—in educational programs and activities. Pregnancy and pregnancy related conditions protected by Title IX consist of the student’s pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, lactation, and medical conditions related to these or recovery from these. In accordance with Title IX, students who are pregnant or have a pregnancy related condition may receive modifications so they can participate in their academic programs. Modifications and accommodations vary depending upon the timing and duration of the student's documented medical need and on the academic program requirements. Pregnant students are protected from discrimination based on pregnancy and should be allowed to return to their current status if they take leave as a result of pregnancy.
Two resources from the U.S. Department of Education that may be useful to review include: