21 and semicolons should separate items. The first letters of items in run-in lists should be lowercased. • The theory is founded on (1) generally accepted principles; (2) verifiable scientific facts; and (3) anecdotal information. • Before the test begins, students will be given four items: (a) pencils; (b) erasers; (c) scratch paper; and (d) a calculator. Outline Style If the items to be listed are too extensive or complex to list in run-in style, the list should follow outline style by beginning each item on a separate line. Vertically listed items should be bulleted, not enumerated. Note that there is no colon before the list if the listed items complete the introductory part of the sentence. Avoid punctuation and uppercasing in vertical lists unless the item contains multiple sentences and/or proper nouns. Do not use and before the final item. • The school’s sports program includes n baseball n football n softball n track n soccer • Investigators made several conclusions about the crime scene: n Police officers followed procedures to the letter. n Physical evidence was altered by natural circumstances. n The victim failed to report the crime immediately. • The required reading material includes the following: n For Whom the Bell Tolls, this is one of several Hemingway books we will be reading this year. n The Grapes of Wrath, which is a Steinbeck classic set during the Great Depression. n Great Expectations by Charles Dickens—the oldest book in the reading list—is the first one we will discuss. What is to the left of a colon must be a complete sentence or an independent clause. long-range, long-standing, long-term Note hyphens. longtime One word lots Avoid this colloquialism. Substitute plenty. See also a lot.