2023 Division Of Research Annual Report

26 Homeless Healthfulness Susceptibility to dementia and early onset aging are two health disparities among people experiencing homelessness. The current research of Gesulla Cavanaugh, Ph.D., builds upon a previous project funded by the American Heart Association to explore health outcomes impacting such individuals. She and her team are investigating how repeated exposure to stressors (i.e., chronic stress) may spur development of dementia. Health literacy and rapid screening scores using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Test (MoCA) comprise some of the data collection. Raymond Ownby, M.D., Ph.D., M.B.A., developed a tool on health literacy. Patrick Hardigan, Ph.D., is assisting with statistical analysis. A neurologist from Nicklaus Children’s Hospital is providing analysis related to blood samples, grip strength, MoCA scores, and electrical activity of the brain. PROTOCOLS Health Equity Survivor Care The efficacy of trauma-informed care depends upon how well survivors feel about the care they received. That’s the premise behind a new study by Sandrine Gaillard-Kenney, Ed.D., and co-principal investigator Brianna Kent, Ph.D. One twist, however, is the use of a participatory method called photovoice. After receiving dental care, human trafficking survivors will be prompted to take photos in their environment throughout the following week. During a debriefing, participants relay the meaning behind a photo and how it relates to their dental experience. Communicating through photographs can be less threatening than surveys. Survivors often have not had access to health care in years, let alone dental care. Their input can improve care and help secure funding to provide tailored services. ? ? ? ? ? ?