4 | Pharmacy OVERVIEW OF PROGRAMS Students can prepare for a career in pharmacy practice, research, industry, academia, and other pharmacy-related areas through their choice of four programs. DOCTOR OF PHARMACY (PHARM.D.) This degree is available as a four-year entry-level program or a three-year international pharmacy graduate advanced standing program. The patient care pharmacist, often referred to as a clinical pharmacist, is highly educated in disease process, pharmacotherapy, and patient monitoring. Pharmacists • review patient history and disease manifestations to guide cost-effective therapy selection • optimize medication outcomes by maintaining communication with patients regarding adherence and responses to therapeutic agents • work closely with interprofessional teams to review and modify patient-care plans as required • emphasize disease prevention by providing immunizations, smoking cessation programs, and education about prominent chronic disease states DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (PH.D.) IN PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES The pharmaceutical scientist is very knowledgeable in pharmacology, pharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics, drug administration, and the complex nature of the use and distribution of pharmaceutical products and the provision of pharmacy services. Three unique sequences are offered. 1. Molecular Medicine and Pharmacogenomics 2. Drug Development (Pharmaceutics) 3. Social and Administrative Pharmacy MASTER OF SCIENCE (M.S.) IN PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES This graduate program is designed for those interested in the acquisition of knowledge and skills associated with pharmaceutical agents. The degree will prepare students for academia, managerial, or technological positions in the pharmaceutical industry, as well as positions in contract research or managed care organizations, health care systems, and government agencies. Three unique sequences are offered. 1. Molecular Medicine and Pharmacogenomics 2. Drug Development (Pharmaceutics) 3. Social and Administrative Pharmacy Did You Know? Ph.D. graduates focus on expanding the science of drug knowledge by creating and testing new drug molecules or using technology to develop new dosage forms. This field also responds to limitations in caring for patients identified by practicing pharmacists.