College of Dental Medicine—Postdoctoral Programs 521 will focus on, but not be limited to, all types of tooth/root resorption, diagnosis of non-odontogenic pain, emergencies within the scope of endodontics, iatrogenic challenges, tooth trauma andmanagement, alterations in tooth structure (cracks/ fractures), pulpal/periodontal interrelationships, pediatric/ endodontic relationships, restorative/endodontic relationships, orthodontic/endodontic relationships, bleaching of vital and non-vital teeth, aging and systemic health, patient records and responsibilities, and expansion of surgical concepts beyond root-end surgery. Residents will be taught how to read and analyze critically and relate their assessments to contemporary concepts and practices. CDM 5631–5638—Endodontic Topic and Case Presentation Residents are expected to prepare three one-hour lectures (consisting of slides and handouts) on different topics approved by the postgraduate director pertaining or relating to the field of endodontics. They will present these lectures to their endodontic peers, classmates, and faculty members, who will then critically evaluate them. This will provide the resident with the training necessary to teach endodontics to practitioners and dental students of all levels. Following the topic presentation, the resident will present at least five cases, from start to finish, with at least one recall per case. Cases must include clinical photos, chief complaint, history (dental and medical), medications, radiographs (CBCT if necessary), sensitivity testing, probing, pre-op diagnosis, access, working lengths, photos through microscope, final clinical photos/ radiographs, and post-op diagnosis (if different than pre-op). Throughout the case presentations, roundtable discussions will occur to enhance the learning experience. When the resident has completed the topic requirement, he or she will present surgery cases (from both externship and NSU), unusual cases, and board portfolio cases. CDM 5641–5648—Transition to Private Practice These seminars are devoted to the realities of private or corporate dental practice. Topics covered include goals, location, type of practices, legal structures, modes of practice, set-up of an office, rent vs. purchase, space needed with physical layout, contracts, finances, running the staff, insurance, and practice building. This will aid the resident in achieving competence upon entering the business world. CDM 5652—Advanced Microbiology This course will provide advanced perspectives on the microbiology of the oral tissues focusing on pulpitis, infection, disinfection, and asepsis in endodontics. CDM 5653—Advanced Immunology This course will provide advanced perspectives on the human innate and adaptive immune systems that are relevant to dentistry and endodontics. CDM 5661–5662—Mock Oral Boards Each year, residents will be challenged as to their command of the endodontic literature as it relates to the provision of procedures within the scope of endodontics. An oral examination will be given to the residents by selected Diplomates of the American Board of Endodontics. They will provide a diverse set of circumstances and treatment challenges that are commonly seen in endodontic practice. Residents will have the opportunity to discuss and defend their diagnosis, treatment plan, chosen procedures, and outcomes of treatment. They will be expected to draw heavily on specific endodontic literature to support their case discussion. This course is designed to prepare residents for all phases of the examination process in the pursuit of board certification by the American Board of Endodontics. CDM 5675–5678—Endodontic Surgery These courses will provide residents with the knowledge of relevant biomedical sciences, clinical techniques, and new instruments and devices as they correlate to the theory and practice of surgical endodontics in accompaniment with their surgical experiences. CDM 5681–5684—Endodontic Externship This externship serves to educate residents with the knowledge and skills to diagnose, understand the basis of, and adequately interpret and treat—alone or in conjunction with other dental and medical practitioners—endodontic situations and their related diseases and to maintain the health of the attachment apparatus and integrity of the natural dentition. It provides residents with in-depth knowledge of relevant biomedical sciences as they correlate to the theory and practice of endodontics. It also provides residents with experience from a sufficient number of diagnostic cases, traumatic injuries, regeneration cases, and nonsurgical and surgical clinical experiences in other hospital settings and affords them the opportunity to work with and evaluate new instruments and techniques used to effectively treat medically compromised and special needs patients. CDM 5685—Endodontic Surgical Externship This externship serves to educate residents with the knowledge and skills to diagnose, understand the basis of, and adequately interpret and treat endodontic surgical situations to maintain the health of the attachment apparatus and integrity of the natural dentition. It will provide residents with surgical endodontics experience from a sufficient number of diagnostic and surgical clinical cases to result in proficiency in the practice of endodontics and prepare residents to effectively treat medically compromised and special needs patients. It will also afford students with the opportunity to work with and evaluate new instruments and techniques. During this externship, the student to faculty member ratio is one to one.