36 Nova Southeastern University Student Handbook C.4 Relationship Violence is violence or the threat of violence between those in a sexual and/or comparably personal and private relationship. Violence may be sexual in nature (such as sexual assault), or it may be physical violence, such as making death threats, punching, kicking, or using a weapon. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on the reporting party’s statement and with consideration of the length of the relationship, the type of relationship, and the frequency of interaction between the people involved in the relationship. C.5 Retaliation is an action taken by an accused individual or an action taken by a third party against any person because that person has opposed any practices forbidden under this policy or because that person has filed a complaint, testified, assisted, or participated in any manner in any investigation or proceeding under this policy. This includes action taken against a bystander who intervened to stop or attempt to stop discrimination, harassment, or sexual misconduct. C.6 Sexual Assault is actual or attempted physical sexual contact with another person without that person’s consent. Sexual assault includes, but is not limited to, 1. intentional touching of another person’s intimate parts without that person’s consent 2. other intentional sexual contact with another person without that person’s consent 3. coercing, forcing, or attempting to coerce or force a person to touch another person’s intimate parts without that person’s consent 4. rape, which is penetration, no matter how slight, of a. the vagina or anus of a person by any body part of another person or by an object b. the mouth of a person by a sex organ of another person, without that person’s consent 5. acquaintance rape, which is defined as forced, manipulated, or coerced sexual intercourse by a friend or acquaintance C.7 Sexual Violence is physical acts of a sexual nature perpetrated against a person’s will or where a person is incapable of giving consent. This includes violent behaviors that may also constitute rape, sexual assault, sexual abuse, and sexual coercion. C.8 Sexual Exploitation is behavior where one person takes sexual advantage of another person for the benefit of anyone other than that person, without that person’s consent. Examples include prostituting another person; photographing or recording another person’s sexual activity, intimate body parts, or nakedness without consent; distributing sexual images of someone without consent; and viewing a person’s intimate body parts without consent when someone has a reasonable expectation to privacy.