NSU Home  The Qualitative Report
An online journal dedicated to qualitative research since 1990

Volume 14 Number 2 June 2009
    Ronald J. Chenail, Ph.D., Sally St. George, Ph.D., Dan Wulff, Ph.D., Maureen Duffy, Ph.D., and Laurie L. Charles, Ph.D., Editors
ISSN 1052-0147

Table of Contents

Reflections on the Local and the Global in Psychology: Innovation, Liberation and Testimonio* (pp. 201-226)
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Terri M. Bakker

Abstract: This paper presents some reflections on the process of creating research, from the point of view of a psychologist working in an academic environment in a developing country which is undergoing social transformation. It explores some tensions between global and local concerns in research, and reflects on the relation between research, art, narration, and the person of the researcher. The ideas presented are based on the personal reflections of the author after developing a methodology for a qualitative research project. The aim is to open up areas of inquiry into the process of constructing research, rather than providing final answers, thus honouring the postmodern assumptions that are tentatively put forward as vehicle of innovation in research in a global psychology. Key Words: Local, Global, Psychology, Testimonio, and Postmodern

The Lived Experience of Nurses Working with Student Nurses in the Clinical Environment (pp. 227-244)
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Donna Hathorn, Krisanna Machtmes, & Ken Tillman

Abstract: One response to the nursing shortage is to increase promotion and retention in nursing programs: However, negative attitudes of nurses threaten student progression and retention. A phenomenological study explored the lived experience of nurses who worked with student nurses to discover what attitudes nurses had toward student nurses and how negative attitudes were developed. One time semi-structured informal audio taped interviews were conducted with six nurses. Data analysis identified the emerging themes as professional socialization attitudes, beliefs about nursing education, role expectations, and motivational deterrent, and communication factors. Findings suggest collaborative strategies to reduce negative attitudes and promote positive, professional socialization behaviours of nurses toward student nurses in the clinical environment. Key Words: Clinical Environment, Professional Socialization, Phenomenology, Nurses, and Student Nurses

Preliminary Investigation and Interview Guide Development for Studying how Malaysian Farmers Form their Mental Models of Farming (pp. 245-260)
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Steven Eric Krauss, Azimi Hamzah, Zoharah Omar, Turiman Suandi, Ismi Arif Ismail, Mohd Zaidan Zahari, & Zanariah Mohd Nor

Abstract: The development of the interview guide is an integral aspect of the process of conducting qualitative research, yet one that receives little attention in the qualitative research literature. It is often assumed that interview guides are merely a list of questions used to guide a qualitative interview. The background analysis and preparation necessary to prepare an appropriate and effective guide cannot be dismissed, however, as they are integral aspects of the interview process. The current study on mental models of Malaysian smallholder farmers employed in-depth interviews as its primary approach to data generation. This paper details the initial processes undertaken to develop the interview guide based on preliminary data generation. The results included seven main steps to interview guide development. Key Words: Malaysian Farmers, Interview Guide, and Mental Model

Femininity, Masculinity, and Body Image Issues among College-Age Women: An In-Depth and Written Interview Study of the Mind-Body Dichotomy (pp. 261-292)
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Patricia Leavy, Andrea Gnong, & Lauren Sardi Ross

Abstract: In this article we investigate college-age womens body image issues in the context of dominant femininity and its polarization of the mind and body. We use original data collected through seven in-depth interviews and 32 qualitative written interviews with college-age women and men. We coded the data thematically applying feminist approaches to the analysis. We conclude that the current standard of femininity disproportionately associates womens worth with their bodies. Differing from literature that suggests femininity is associated with physicality and masculinity is not, our research suggests that masculinity is also partly associated with physicality, but in a way that is linked to power and does not reduce masculinity to only physicality. Key Words: Body Image, Eating Disorders, Femininity, Masculinity, and Mind-Body Dichotomy

A Process of Becoming: In Favour of a Reflexive Narrative Approach (pp. 293-298)
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Ellyn Lyle

Abstract: As both researcher and practitioner, or in service educator, I often resist situating myself within one discrete tradition. For this reason, I turn to narrative as an approach to understanding. I believe employing narrative allows me to draw from a cross-section of scholarly work including reflexive inquiry, critical analysis, and autoethnography. Often qualified as a method or a tool of inquiry, the narrative approach is rarely examined for its epistemological underpinnings. Thus, A Process of Becoming refers to both the promotion of a methodological approach to knowing in social science and to the medium through which practitioners can become better acquainted with themselves. Key Words: Research, Narrative, Reflexivity, and Critical Analysis

Characteristics of Home: Perspectives of Women Who Are Homeless (pp. 299-317)
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Christine A. Walsh, Gayle E. Rutherford, & Natasha Kuzmak

Abstract: We employed participatory, community-based research methods to explore the perceptions of home among women who are homeless. Twenty women engaged in one or more techniques including qualitative interviews, digital story telling, creative writing, photovoice, and design charrette to characterize their perceptions of home. Analysis of the data revealed themes related to the physical, affective, and external environment. By understanding how participants perceive home and the qualities they deem necessary for home, we can begin to construct home from both a service and design perspective that meets womens needs for stable, safe housing and home, and also gain a better understanding of what is needed to assist women in exiting homelessness and building more sustainable futures for themselves and their families. Key Words: Women, Homelessness, Shelter, and Community-based Research

Social and Virtual Networks: Evaluating Synchronous Online Interviewing Using Instant Messenger (pp. 318-340)
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Vanessa Hinchcliffe & Helen Gavin

Abstract: This paper describes an evaluation of the quality and utility of synchronous online interviewing for data collection in social network research. Synchronous online interviews facilitated by Instant Messenger as the communication medium, were undertaken with ten final year university students. Quantitative and qualitative content analysis of respondent and researcher evaluation of the quality and utility of IM indicated that IM was an integral part of student university life and also an excellent and innovative communication platform; a potential advancement for research interviewing. IM was subsequently compared with face-to-face communication in terms of gains and losses for research interviewing. The efficacy of the method of online interviewing using IM in this context is discussed. Key Words: Synchronous Online Interviewing, Instant Messenger, Social Support Networks, Virtual Networks, and Content Analysis

The Experience of Gifted Girls Transitioning from Elementary School to Sixth and Seventh Grade: A Grounded Theory (pp. 341-360)
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Jennifer L. Pepperell & Deborah J. Rubel

Abstract: This research explored the experiences of gifted girls transitioning from elementary school to sixth and seventh grade. The current literature indicates that gifted girls often struggle emotionally during this transition. Seven research participants were selected and interviewed over a four-month period. Grounded theory methodology was used to analyze data, generate subsequent interview questions, and build theory. This study indicated that these gifted girls transition was facilitated by their strong identities, which enabled them to balance their social and academic lives. Their strong identities allowed them to choose strategies that helped them build connections with both gifted and nongifted peers. These relationships contributed significantly to their sense of self, and in turn supported their transition experiences. Key Words: Gifted Girls, Middle School Girls, Identity Development, Gifted Girls Development, and Grounded Theory Girls

On Being Degraded in Public Space: An Autoethnography (pp. 361-373)
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Todd A. Schoepflin

Abstract: In the form of an autoethnography, the author analyzes a violent attack he suffered in public and discusses how the incident relates to a degradation ceremony. The author explains why the incident did not meet the required conditions of a successful degradation ceremony and defines a concept called degradation incident. Like a degradation ceremony, a person who experiences a degradation incident is perceived by the public as lower in the local scheme of social types. Unlike a degradation ceremony, transformation of ones total identity is not a required outcome of a degradation incident. The significance of being degraded in public without experiencing a transformation of total identity is discussed. Key Words: Degradation Ceremony, Degradation Incident, and Autoethnography

Rasgando la Piel: Tatuajes, Cuerpos y Significados (pp. 374-388)
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Jelitza Soto Roman, Linette Santiago Arroyo, & Zuellem Cotto Gomez

Abstract: La modificacion corporal mediante el tatuaje se realiza con diferentes propositos y distintas motivaciones. Esta practica es muy comun en nuestra sociedad puertorriquena; no obstante, ha sido escasamente estudiada. Como resultado de esto, se desarrollo una investigacion con los objetivos de explorar la constitucion narrativa, el cambio de significado personal y social, y la percepcion de trabajadores/as sociales que subyace a la practica de tatuarse el cuerpo. Estos aspectos fueron estudiados entre personas tatuadas, no tatuadas y trabajadores/as sociales mediante la implantacion de un diseno exploratorio. Se espera que los hallazgos encontrados logren contribuir al interes en la realizacion de futuras investigaciones sobre el tipo de estigma relacionado al tatuaje y las repercusiones sociales que trae consigo. Key Words: Tatuaje, Cuerpo, and Estigma

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