NSU Home  The Qualitative Report
An online journal dedicated to qualitative research since 1990

Volume 14 Number 1 March 2009
    Ronald J. Chenail, Ph.D., Sally St. George, Ph.D., Dan Wulff, Ph.D., Maureen Duffy, Ph.D., and Laurie L. Charles, Ph.D., Editors
ISSN 1052-0147

Table of Contents

An Exploratory Study on Adolescents Experiences of Using ICQ (I Seek You) (pp. 1-19)
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Zenobia C. Y. Chan and Wilson Cheuk

Abstract:Little research exists into adolescents rationales for using ICQ (I Seek You) and these adolescents relationships with their peers, families, and strangers in ICQ communication. Our curiosity about these subjects led us to adopt a qualitative inquiry, a multiple case study of ten adolescents via purposive sampling. Three major results were discerned: (1) rationales for using ICQ as a major communication tool and for its entertainment functions, (2) contents of ICQ included the participants school lives, peer relationships, family issues, and playing games, and (3) the participants relationships with their peers, family, and strangers like female adolescents are more protective than males. Finally, adolescents voices should be amplified in order to let adults respond to their contextual practices such as ICQ. Key Words: ICQ (I seek you), Hong Kong, Adolescents, Qualitative Study, and Case Study

Role of the Elected Panchayat Samity Members in National Health and Family Welfare Programs: A Case Study (pp. 20-41)
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Subhash Barman

Abstract: The geographical area of this study is West Bengal - a constituent state (province) of India. The state government policy aims at administrative decentralization through Panchayats (or Village Councils) in rural areas. It is a 3-tier system, comprising a Gram Panchayat in every village, Panchayat Samity (block level), and Zilla Parishad (district level). Focusing mainly on Panchayat Samity members, the study explores the knowledge, attitudes, participation, and involvement of the Panchayat Samity members in National Health and Family Welfare Programs. The categories of respondents are the Health Committee members of Panchayat Samity, and health personnel of Block Primary Health Center and Rural Hospital. With a positive frame of mind, they are found to be involved in promoting awareness about health and family planning, and in providing child immunization and other health measures to predominantly agrarian communities. Key Words: Panchayat Samity, Health Committee, Child Immunization, Family Planning, Pulse Polio, and Maternal-child Health

Interpretive Research Aiming at Theory Building: Adopting and Adapting the Case Study Design (pp. 42-60)
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Antonio Diaz Andrade

Abstract: Although the advantages of case study design are widely recognised, its original positivist underlying assumptions may mislead interpretive researchers aiming at theory building. The paper discusses the limitations of the case study design for theory building and explains how grounded theory systemic process adds to the case study design. The author reflects upon his experience in conducting research on the articulation of both traditional social networks and new virtual networks in six rural communities in Peru, using both case study design and grounded theory in a combined fashion in order to discover an emergent theory. Key Words: Case Study, Interpretive Approach, Theory Building, and Grounded Theory

Lived Experiences of Adult Children Who Have a Parent Diagnosed with Parkinsons Disease (pp. 61-80)
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Amy Blanchard, Jennifer Hodgson, Angela Lamson, and David Dosser

Abstract: Little is known about the experience among adult children who have a parent with Parkinsons Disease (PD). The purpose of this study was to explore, appreciate, and describe their experiences using a phenomenological methodology. Narratives were collected from seven participants who have a parent diagnosed with PD and analyzed according to Colaizzis (1978) phenomenological data analysis method. Seven thematic clusters were identified and an exhaustive description is presented to summarize the essence of their lived experience. The study indicates a strong sense of essential positivism from the participants stories, and overall, it seems PD has brought some degree of biological, psychological, socially, and/or spiritual meaning to their lives that they may not have otherwise noticed or experienced. Key Words: Parkinsons Disease, Phenomenology, Biopsychosocial-spiritual, Adult Children, and Illness

Mas' Making and Pedagogy: Imagined Possibilities (pp. 81-104)
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Janice B. Fournillier

Abstract: In this article I draw on an ethnographic case study that examined mas makers perceptions of the learning/teaching practices at work in the production of costumes for Trinidad and Tobagos annual Carnival celebrations. During the 2005 Carnival season I spent four months in the field, my country of birth, and collected data through participant observation, still photographs, and informal and semi-formal autobiographical interviews. I used Spradleys (1979, 1980) domain and componential analysis and Goodenoughs (1971) propriospect in my description, analysis, and interpretation of the data resources. In this article, I apply the notion of performance art pedagogy to these findings. In so doing, I explore imagined possibilities and implications for the institutionalized educational system that Caribbean scholars claim are in an era of re-conceptualization. I challenge fellow educators to reconsider what counts as learning and what learning counts (Green & Luke, 2006), in our efforts to provide education for all. Key Words: Ethnography, Performance Art Pedagogy, Learning/Teaching Practices, and Carnival

Developing Understanding of Research-based Pedagogy with Preservice Teachers: An Instrumental Case Study (pp. 105-128)
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Kathryn L. Laframboise and Kim Shea

Abstract: Preservice teachers have difficulty incorporating research-based instructional strategies and often revert to those observed during their own school years. This study describes how preservice teachers used a framework of planning, implementation, feedback, and reflection to try research-based teaching practices from their methods courses and examine their notions of effective pedagogy. This instrumental case study of 50 preservice teachers in a two-day-per-week field experience includes intensive interviews of six selected students. Findings include kinds of support reported as helpful in implementing new instructional strategies, difficulties experienced in the implementation of strategies, and new understandings of effective teaching during use of the framework. Participants used the framework to identify and examine preconceived notions of effective pedagogy, but also revealed some unplanned learnings. Key Words: Teacher Candidates, Preservice Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education, Field Experiences, Teaching Methods, Instructional Strategies, Instrumental Case Study, and Knowledge Base for Teaching

The Search for an Explanation: Breast Cancer in the Context of Genetic Inheritance (pp. 129-139)
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Christine Maheu

Abstract: This case study is an in-depth examination of how Erika (a pseudonym) interpreted and understood her genetic test results for breast cancer susceptibility. Her experience is presented in the form of a biography, which was built from key passages retrieved from the semi structured interview the author conducted at Erikas home. The interview data showed that Erikas interpretation and understanding of her inconclusive test results were embedded in her own and her familys experiences with breast cancer. Her interpretation of her test results was influenced by perception of risk for future breast cancers for herself and her family, as well as from the continued etiological uncertainty of her current breast cancer. Although unfinished, Erikas experience of receiving inconclusive genetic test results for breast cancer susceptibility provides examples of possible universal themes within the experience of others who receive similar test results. Key Words: Breast Cancer, Genetic Testing, Life Experience, Inconclusive, and Qualitative Research

Analyzing Qualitative Data about Hospitalized Children: Reflections on Bodily Expressions (pp. 140-154)
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Coralee McLaren

Abstract: Although considerable energy is invested in ensuring that pediatric hospital environments are psychosocially supportive, few researchers have connected the experiences of patients to hospital architecture, a crucial interface between healthcare delivery and patient care. Seeking to uncover childrens experiences within a contemporary hospital, I draw on data gathered during a photo walking tour with hospitalized children. Findings suggest that in addition to speaking, children express themselves physically by appropriating the gaze, pressing boundaries and finding alternate spaces. New methods and techniques are needed to reveal childrens physical competencies and abilities to determine their environmental preferences. Key Words: Qualitative Methods, Participatory Research, Research with Children, Hospital Architecture, Pediatric Hospital Environments, Photo Elicitation, Childrens Bodies, and Dance

Teaching Qualitative Research Methods through Service-Learning (pp. 155-164)
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Krisanna Machtmes, Earl Johnson, Janet Fox, Mary S. Burke, Jeannie Harper, Lisa Arcemont, Lanette Hebert, Todd Tarifa, Roy C. Brooks, Jr., and Andree L. Reynaud, David Deggs, Brenda Matzke, and Regina T. P. Aguirre

Abstract: This paper is the result of a voluntary service-learning component in a qualitative research methods course. For this course, the service-learning project was the evaluation of the benefits to volunteers whom work a crisis hotline for a local crisis intervention center. The service-learning course model used in this paper most closely resembles the problem-based service-learning course model where students work as consultants. This paper focuses on the processes involved and the benefits to students in improving their qualitative research skills through the service-learning project. Key Words: Qualitative Research Methods, Service-learning, and Volunteer Program Evaluation

Exploring How Factors Impact the Activities and Participation of Persons with Disability: Constructing a Model Through Grounded Theory (pp. 165-200)
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Joy Wee and Margo Paterson

Abstract: This paper explores a conceptualization of how factors impact activities of daily living (ADL) and participation from the perspective of persons with disability. This study identified what, and how, factors perceived by participants affect their daily activities, to better inform reporting of scores obtained on measures of ADLs and participation such as the Barthel Index and the Participation Scale. Grounded theory methodology was used to conceptualize a model, employing semi-structured interviews guided by categories of the above measures. Eight themes emerged from 24 participants, resulting in conceptualization of the successful adaptation model, which demonstrates relationships amongst factors, activities, and participation. Health professionals can use this model to assist persons with disability achieve desired goals. Key Words: Disability, ICF Activities and Participation, and Grounded Theory

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