NSU Home  The Qualitative Report
An online journal dedicated to qualitative research since 1990

Volume 12 Number 4 December 2007
http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR12-4/index.html
 
    Ronald J. Chenail, Ph.D., Sally St. George, Ph.D., Dan Wulff, Ph.D., Maureen Duffy, Ph.D., and Laurie L. Charles, Ph.D., Editors
ISSN 1052-0147

Table of Contents

The Voice Transcription Technique: Use of Voice Recognition Software to Transcribe Digital Interview Data in Qualitative Research (pp. 547-560)
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Jennifer L. Matheson

Abstract: Transcribing interview data is a time-consuming task that most qualitative researchers dislike. Transcribing is even more difficult for people with physical limitations because traditional transcribing requires manual dexterity and the ability to sit at a computer for long stretches of time. Researchers have begun to explore using an automated transcription process using digital recordings and voice recognition software (VRS). While VRS has improved in recent years, it is not yet available to the general public in a format that can recognize more than one recorded voice. This article outlines a strategy used to circumvent this problem and improve the speed and ease of transcription. The equipment and the Voice Transcription Technique used are outlined, as well as suggestions for future technological advances in transcription. Key Words: Transcription, Voice-Recognition Software, Qualitative Data, and Data Preparation

Linguistic Research Strategies Versus Quantitative Research Strategies--Different Roles, Different Results (pp. 561-579)
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Joseph Yeager and Linda Sommer

Abstract: Selecting a statistical framework for a behavioral study has profoundly different results than does a linguistically framed research strategy. The linguistic strategy overcomes many limitations inherent in statistical strategies and offers more meaningful results. Inferential statistical studies often discuss how the findings explain the results of the study. Seldom mentioned is the fact that statistical explanations occur in terms of the framework of statistical methodology. Statistical explanations do not explain anything in terms of the actual behavior at issue and do not lead to subsequent interventions about the motivated choices for a target group. Linguistic strategies work especially well if the objective is to make a practical difference in behavior as opposed to raising questions for further research in academic circles. Key Words: Motivational Profiling, Motivation, Systems Analysis, Behavioral Engineering, Content Analysis, Measurement Paradigms, Frames, Psycholinguistics, Mechanism of Action, and Behavior Change

Mirror, Mirror, On the Wall (pp. 580-582)
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Brad Howey

Letting Go of Data in Aboriginal Australia: Ethnography on Rubber Time (pp. 583-593)
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Sara Stevens Zur

Abstract: While attempting to investigate modes of musical transmission among the Yolu People in Northeast Arnhem Land Australia, questions regarding the meaning of the word research led to the decisive abandonment of data collection. Specifically, the processes of observation, recording, and other typical Western means of generating data seemed to be in direct opposition to the way knowledge was traditionally shared. The author critically examines her multiple attempts at conducting this research, and discusses why eventually giving up on the research led to a more profound understanding. Key Words: Indigenous Australian, Aboriginal, Ethnography, Music, Defining research, and Knowledge Sharing

"I just see all children as children": Teachers' Perceptions About Inclusion (pp. 594-611)
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Jane M. Leatherman

Abstract: This narrative study examined teachers perceptions of their inclusive classrooms. Eight early childhood teachers responded to open-ended interview questions about their experiences teaching children with and without disabilities in the same classroom environment. The social constructivist view of teaching and learning is highlighted as the teachers construct their knowledge of inclusion and how it meets the needs of children with disabilities in the inclusive environment. The following themes emerged from interview analysis: the inclusive classroom is a great place for children, the teacher needs additional education, the teacher needs support from administrators and to be included in decisions about the inclusive classroom, and positive experiences foster successful inclusive classrooms. Suggestions are offered for successful inclusive programs and future research. Key Words: Teachers Perceptions of Inclusion, and Support

Using Hermeneutic Phenomenology to Investigate How Experienced Practitioners Learn to Communicate Clinical Reasoning (pp. 612-638)
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Rola Ajjawi and Joy Higgs

Abstract: This paper is primarily targeted at doctoral students and other researchers considering using hermeneutic phenomenology as a research strategy. We present interpretive paradigm research designed to investigate how experienced practitioners learn to communicate their clinical reasoning in professional practice. Twelve experienced physiotherapy practitioners participated in this research. Using hermeneutic phenomenology enabled access to a phenomenon that is often subconscious and provided a means of interpreting participants experiences of personal learning journeys. Within the philosophy underpinning hermeneutic phenomenology, researchers need to design a research strategy that flows directly from the research question and goals of the research project. This paper explores such a strategy. Key Words: Hermeneutic Phenomenology, Clinical Reasoning, Designing Research, and Professional Practice

Making Meaning of Graduate Students' and Preservice Teachers' E-Mail Communication in a Community of Practice (pp. 639-657)
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Janet C. Richards, Susan V. Bennett, and Kim T. Shea

Abstract: This inquiry examined graduate students and preservice teachers e-mail communication as they made decisions about supporting the instructional needs of children at-risk in a community of practice summer literacy camp. The correspondence gradually evolved from impersonal to interpersonal communication over a ten-week time span, and influenced the preservice teachers responses. Seven themes were identified in the graduate students messages that ranged from questioning and complaining to promoting collaboration. The study illuminates the developmental stages of interpersonal relationships and demonstrates the reciprocal nature of interactive dialogue through the medium of e-mail communication. Conclusions are that long-term e-mail exchanges can fbuberfacilitate quality relationships and provide a venue for educators to share thoughts, seek advice, and discuss teaching achievements and problems. Key Words: Community of Practice, Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC), E-mail Exchange Preservice Teachers, and Graduate Students

Entre la Razon y la Pasion: La Intimidad Sexual en Parejas Heterosexuales ante la Empresa Preventiva del VIH/SIDA (pp. 658-679)
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Domingo J. Marques Reyesn, Sheilla Rodriguez Madera, and Leida Matias Carrelo

Abstract: This article establishes heterosexual relationships as spaces out of control and, from Foucaults view of power, positions them as answer to the discourses generated by society to control sexuality. This qualitative study included 20 Puerto Rican couples (11 seroconcordant and 9 serodiscordant) with the objective of identifying variables related to relationship satisfaction with sexual intimacy among women living with HIV/AIDS. Results evidence how in many instances sexual relations are, in fact, moments where passion precedes reason. By involving in high risk behavior, they ignore the preventive enterprise, distance themselves from reason and imposing passion. We come to conclusions about social sciences, specially psychology, and the contribution it can bring to redefine sexuality, substituting the regulating role for a new constructive one. Key Words: Couples, HIV, Sexuality, Power, Foucault, Prevention

Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions of Asynchronous Online Discussion on Blackboard (pp. 680-704)
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Hsin-Te Yeh and Maria Lahman

Abstract: The purpose of this phenomenological study was to understand students perceptions of using asynchronous online discussion as a learning tool. Six pre-service teachers who took a course in educational technology applications for secondary grades at a Rocky Mountain region mid-sized university were selected to be interviewed. Phenomenological data analysis was used to analyze the interview data. The interviewees perceptions of the asynchronous online discussions centered around purposes, group size, tools for learning, advantages/disadvantages, and the instructors role. The findings of this study provide instructors with helpful information on how students perceive asynchronous online discussion and also provide instructors with possible interventions to enhance students motivations for participating in asynchronous online discussion. Key Words: Asynchronous Online Discussion, Pre-service Teachers, Phenomenology, Instructional Design, and Teaching Online

Minority Students Perspectives on Chemistry in an Alternative High School (pp. 705-728)
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Renee Peterson-Beeton

Abstract: Latinas/os form the largest minority group in the U.S. and they are growing more rapidly than any other ethnic group in this country. However, the number of Latinas/os in chemistry is not proportional to their population; they are noticeably absent from the physical science fields. Little research has explored the circumstances that Latino students encounter in high school chemistry. In this exploratory study, four Mexican American students and one Native American student were interviewed and observed in a physical science class at an alternative school that enrolled predominantly Latino students. Five underlying themes were found: negative perceptions of science, benefits and disadvantages of alternative school science, traditional teaching methods versus student-centered teaching, outreach possibilities, and changes in stereotypes of scientists. A further investigation and more in-depth contextual knowledge is needed in order to determine more precisely what caused the students to have their opinions on physical science. Key Words: Secondary Students, Mexican American, Chemistry Attitudes, and Alternative Schools

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