References

Adams CE and Weatherly GL. 1981. Suspended-Sediment Transport and Benthic Boundary-Layer Dynamics. Developments in Sedimentology 32:1-18.

Adams CE and Weatherly GL. 1981. Suspended-sediment transport and benthic boundary-layer dynamics. Marine Geology 42(1-4):1-18.

Agassiz A. 1888. Three cruises of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Steamer "Blake", vol. 2. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. 220 pp., figs. 195-545.

Anselmetti FS, Eberli GP and Zan-Dong Ding 2000. From the Great Bahama Bank into the Straits of Florida: A margin architecture controlled by sea level fluctuations and ocean currents. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bulletin 112:829-844.

Atkinson LP, Berger T, Hamilton P, Waddell E, Leaman K and Lee TN. 1995. Current meter observations in the Old Bahama Channel. J. Geophys. Res. 100 (1995): 8555–8560.

Ayers, MW, and OH Pilkey. 1981. Piston core and surficial sediment investigations of the Florida-Hatteras slope and inner Blake Plateau. In Environmental Geologic Studies on the Southeastern Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf, 1977-78, ed. P. Popenoe, 5-1 to 5-89.

Ballard RD & Uchupi E. 1971. Geological observations of the Miami Terrace from the submersible Ben Franklin. Mar. Technol. Soc. J. 5(2):.43-48.

Baringer MO and Larsen JC. 2001. Sixteen Years of Florida Current Transport at 27N. Geophysical Research Letters. 28(16): 3179-3182.

Baringer, MO and Molinari RL. 1999. Atlantic Ocean baroclinic heat flux at 24-26°N. Geophysical Research Letters. 26(3):353-356.

Bartoli G, Sarnthein M, Weinelt M, Erlenkeuser H, Garbe-Schönberg D and Lea DW. 2005. Final closure of Panama and the onset of northern hemisphere glaciations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 237(2005):33–44.

Baumiller TK & Messing CG. 2007. Stalked crinoid locomotion, and its ecological and evolutionary implications. Palaeontologia Electronica 10(1) 2A:10p, 12MB; http://palaeo-electronica.org/paleo/2007_1/crinoid/index.html

Baumiller TK, Mooi R & Messing CG. 2008. Urchins in the meadow: paleobiological and evolutionary implications of cidaroid predation on crinoids. Paleobiology 34(1): 35–47.

Bayer FM. 1964. The genus Corallium (Gorgonacea: Scleraxonia) in the western north Atlantic Ocean. Bull. Mar. Sci. 14(3):465–478. 

Bayer FM.  1971.  New and unusual mollusks collected by R/V John Author Elliott Pillsbury and R/V Gerda in the tropical western Atlantic. Bull. Mar. Sci. 21(1):111-236.

Bergman K and Eberli G. 2003. Caribbean Tectonics Responsible for Intensification of Middle Miocene Gulf Stream Flow but not for Pliocene Weakening. EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly, Nice, France, 6-11 April 2003; abstract #7812.

Betzler C, Pfeiffer M and Saxena S. 2000, Carbonate shedding and sedimentary cyclicities of a distally steepened carbonate ramp (Miocene, Great Bahama Bank). International Journal of Earth Science 89:140-153.

Boehlert GW. 1987. A review of the effects of seamounts on biological processes. pp. 319-334 IN: Keating BH, Fryer P, Batiza R & Boehlert GW. (eds.) Seamounts, Islands and Atolls. Geophysical Monographs no. 3. AGU, Washington, DC.

Bogle MA. 1975. A review and preliminary revision of the Aglaopheniinae (Hydroida: Plumulariidae) of the tropical Western Atlantic. Unpublished M.S. Thesis, University of Miami, Miami, FL. ix + 308 p.

Boning, CW, Doscher R and Budich RG. 1991. Seasonal transport variation in the western subtropical North Atlantic - experiments with an eddy-resolving model. Journal of Physical Oceanography. 21: 1271-1289.

Brooke SD, Messing CG, Reed JK & Gilmore RG. 2006.Exploration of deep-sea coral ecosystems along the east coast of Florida. 11th Intl. Deep-Sea Biology Symposium, Southampton, UK.

Brooks IH and Niiler PP. 1975. The Florida Current at Key West: summer 1972. J. Mar. Res. 33(1975):83–92.

Brooks RA, Nizinski MS, Ross SW, Sulak KJ (2007) Frequency of sublethal injury in a deepwater ophiuroid, Ophiacantha bidentata, an important component of western Atlantic Lophelia reef communities. Marine Biology 152: 307-314.

Cairns SD. 1979. The deep-water Scleractinia of the Caribbean Sea and adjacent waters. Studies on the fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. No. 180. 341 p.

Cairns SD. 1981. Marine flora and fauna of the northeastern United States: Scleractinia. NOAA Tech Rep NMFS Circ no 438, 14 pp

Cairns SD. 1986. A revision of the Northwest Atlantic Stylasteridae (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. No. 418. iv +131 pp.

Cairns SD & Chapman RE. 2001. Biogeographic affinities of the North Atlantic deep-water Scleractinia. Pp. 30-57 in Willison JHM. et al. (eds) Proc. First Internatl. Sympos. Deep-sea Corals. Ecology Action Centre, Nova Scotia Museum, Halifax.

Cairns SD & Stanley GD Jr. 1981. Ahermatypic coral banks: living and fossil counterparts. Proc. Fourth International Coral Reef Sympos., Manila 1:611-618.

Carew JL & Mylroie JE. 1995. Quaternary tectonic stability of the Bahamian archipelago: evidence from fossil coral reefs and flank margin caves. Quarternary Research 14(2):145-153.

Carpenter KE. (ed.) 2002. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. Spec. Publ. no. 5, vol. 1. FAO, Rome. xiv + 599 pp.

Collins WT & McConnaughey R. 1998. Acoustic Classification of the Sea Floor to Address Essential Fish Habitat and Marine Protected Area Requirements. Proc. 1998 Can. Hydrogr. Conf., Victoria, March 1998, pp. 369-377.

Cronin TM. 1983. Bathyal ostracodes from the Florida-Hatteras slope, the Straits of Florida, and the Blake Plateau. Marine Micropaleontology 8(2):89-119.

David J, Roux M, Messing CG & Améziane, N. 2006. Revision of the pentacrinid stalked crinoids of the genus Endoxocrinus (Echinodermata, Crinoidea), with a study of environmental control of characters and its consequences for taxonomy. Zootaxa 1156:1-50

Domning DP. 1999. Fossils explained 24: Sirenians (seacows). Geology Today 1999:75-79.

Druffel ERM, Griffin S, Witter A, Nelson E, Southon J, Kashgarian M & Vogel J. 1995. Gerardia: bristlecone pine of the deep-sea? Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59:5031-5036.

Düing W. 1973. Some evidence for long-period barotropic waves in the Florida Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 3(3):343-346.

Düing W. 1975. Synoptic studies of transients in the Florida Current. J. Mar. Res. 33(1):53-73.

Düing W. & Johnson D. 1971. Southward Flow under the Florida Current. Science 173(3995):428–430.

Düing W and Johnson D. 1972. High resolution current profiling in the Straits of Florida. Deep Sea Research and Oceanographic Abstracts 19(3):259-260.

Duing, W., Mooers, C.N.K. & Lee, T.N. 1977. Low-frequency variability in the Florida Current and its relations to atmospheric forcing from 1972 to 1974. J. Mar. Res. 35(1):129-161.

Düing W, Mooers CNK and Lee TN. 1977. Low-frequency variability in the Florida Current and relations to atmospheric forcing from 1972 to 1974. J. Mar. Res. 35:129–161.

Eberli GP, Swart PKS & Malone M., et al. 1997. Proceedings ODP Leg 166: Initial Reports, pp. 850.

Emery KO & Uchupi E.  1972.  Western North Atlantic Ocean: topography rocks structure water life and sediments. Mem. 17 Amer. Assoc. petrol. Geol. 532 p.

Emiliani C, Hudson JH, Shinn EA & George RY. 1978. Oxygen and Carbon Isotopic Growth record in a Reef Coral from the Florida Keys and a Deep-Sea Coral from Blake Plateau. Science 202:627-629.

Featherstone CM, Messing CG and McClintock JB. 1998. Dietary composition of two bathyal stalked crinoids: Neocrinus decorus and Endoxocrinus parrae (Echinodermata: Crinoidea: Isocrinidae). pp. 155-160. IN: Mooi R & Telford M (eds) Echinoderms: San Francisco. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Fell JW. 1976. Yeasts in oceanic regions. In:  Jones EBG (ed) Recent Advances in Aquatic Mycology. Elek Science, London:  93-124.

Finkl CW and Charlier R. 2009. Electrical power generation from ocean currents in the Straits of Florida: Some environmental considerations. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13(9):2597-2604.

Fratantoni PS, Lee TN, Podesta GP, and Muller-Karger FE. 1998. The Influence of Loop Current Perturbations on the Formation and Evolution of Tortugas Eddies in the Southern Straits of Florida. Marine Science Faculty Publications. University of South Florida, Scholar Commons @USF. Paper 52. http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1051&context=msc_facpub

Freeman-Lynde RP & Ryan WBF. 1987. Subsidence History of the Bahama Escarpment and the Nature of the Crust Underlying the Bahamas. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 84:457-470.

Fuglister FG. 1951. Multiple currents in the Gulf Stream System. Tellus 3:230-233.

Galstoff PS. 1954. Historical Sketch of the Explorations in the Gulf of Mexico, Galstoff, PS, (ed.), In Gulf of Mexico and Its Origin, Waters, and Marine Life. Fishery Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service 55:3-36.

Gardner WD, Richardson MJ and Cacchione DA. 1989. Sedimentological effects of strong southward flow in the Straits of Florida. Marine Geology 86(2-3): 155-180.

Gomberg D.  1976. Geology of the Pourtalès Terrace Straits of Florida.  Ph.D. Dissertation Univ. Miami Florida 371 p.

Grasmueck M, Eberli GP, Viggiano DA, Correa T, Rathwell G & Luo J. 2006. Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) mapping reveals coral mound distribution, morphology, and oceanography in deep water of the Straits of Florida. Geophys. Res. Letters 33, L23616, doi:10.1029/2006GL027734

Grasmueck M, Eberli GP, Correa T, Viggiano DA, Luo J, Wyatt GJ, Wright AE, Reed JK, Pomponi SA (2007) AUV-Based environmental characterization of deep-water coral mounds in the Straits of Florida.  2007 Offshore Technology Conference, 30 Apr–3 May 2007, Houston, TX, OTC 18510

Grimmer JC, Holland ND and Messing CG. 1984. Fine structure of the stalk of the bourgueticrinid sea lily Democrinus conifer (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Marine Biology 81:163-176.

Gyory J, Rowe E, Mariano AJ, Ryan EH. [No date] "Surface Currents in the Caribbean Sea: The Florida Current." Ocean Surface Currents. http://oceancurrents.rsmas.miami.edu/caribbean/florida.html. Additional links at: http://oceancurrents.rsmas.miami.edu/caribbean/florida_2.html  Retrieved 9 June 2011.

Halpern JA. 1970. Goniasteridae (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) of the Straits of Florida. Bull. Mar. Sci. 20(1):193-286.

Hatcher BG & Scheibling RE. 2001. What determines whether deep-water corals build reefs: Do shallow reef models apply? Pp. 6-18 in Willison JHM et al. (eds), Proc. First Internatl. Sympos. Deep-sea Corals. Ecology Action Centre, Nova Scotia Museum, Halifax.

Henderson GM, Lindsay FN. & Slowey NC. 1999. Variation in bioturbation with water depth on marine slopes: a study on the Little Bahamas Bank. Marine Geology 160:105–118.

Hine AC & Neumann AC. 1977. Shallow-carbonate-bank margin growth and structure, Little Bahama Bank, Bahamas. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 61:376-406.

Hine AC, Wilber RJ, Bane JM, Neumann AC & Lorenson KR. 1981. Offbank transport of carbonate sands along open, leeward bank margins: Northern Bahamas. Marine Geology 42:327-348.

Holthuis LB. 1971. The Atlantic shrimps of the deep-sea genus Glyphocrangon A. Milne Edwards, 1881. Bull. Mar. Sci. 21(1):267-373.

Holthuis LB. 1974. The lobsters of the superfamily Nephropidea of the Atlantic Ocean (Crustacea: Decapoda). Bull. Mar. Sci. 24(4):723-884.

Hoskin CM, Reed JK & Mook DH. 1986. Production and off-bank transport of carbonate sediment, Black Rock, southwest Little Bahama Bank. Marine Geology 73:125-144.

Hurley RJ and Fink LK. 1963. Ripple marks show that countercurrent exists in Florida Straits. Science 139(3555): 603-605.

Johns WE & Schott F.1987. Meandering and transport variations of the Florida Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 17(8):1128-1147.

Johns WE, Townsend TL, Fratantoni DM and Wilson WD. 2002. On the Atlantic inflow to the Caribbean Sea. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 49(2) 211-243.

Jordan G. 1954. Large sink holes in Straits of Florida. Bull. Am. Ass. Petrol. Geol. 38:1810-1817.

Jordan G & Stewart H Jr. 1961. Submarine topography of western straits of Florida. Bull. Geol. Soc. Am. 72:1051-1058.

Jordan GF, Malloy RJ & Kofoed JW. 1964. Bathymetry and geology of Pourtales Terrace, Florida. Marine Geology 1: 259-287.

Kameo K and Sato T. 2000. Biogeography of Neogene calcareous nanofossils in the Caribbean and the eastern equatorial Pacific — floral response to the emergence of the isthmus of Panama. Marine Micropaleontology 39: 209-218.

Kielmann J & Düing W. 1974. Tidal and sub-inertial fluctuations in the Florida Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 4(2):227-236.

Kofoed JW & Malloy RJ. 1965. Bathymetry of the Miami Terrace. Southeastern Geology 6(3): 159-165.

Land LA, Paull CK & Hobson B. 1995. Genesis of a submarine sinkhole without subaerial exposure: Straits of Florida.  Geology 23:949-951.

Land L & Paull C. 2000. Submarine karst belt rimming the continental slope in the Straits of Florida. Geo-Marine Letters 20:123-132.

Larsen JC. 1992. Transport and heat flux of the Florida Current at 27°N derived from cross-stream voltages and profiling data: theory and observations. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. A. 338:169-236.

Larsen JC & Sanford TB. 1985. Florida Current volume transport from voltage measurements. Science 227:302-304.

Lavoie DL. 1991. Geoacoustic Environments: (1) Northern Little Bahama Bank, (2) Transect Between the Bahamas and King's Bay, Georgia. Final Report. Naval Oceanographic and Atmospheric Research Lab, Stennis Space Center, MS. 40 pp. http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA247912

Leaman KD & Molinari RL. 1987. Topographic modification of the Florida Current by Little Bahama and Great Bahama Banks. J. Physical Oceanography 17(10):1724-1736.

Leaman KD, Molinari RL & Vertes PS. 1987. Structure and variability of the Florida Current at 27oN: April 1982-July 1984. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 17(5):565-583.

Leaman KD, Johns E and Rossby T. 1989. The average distribution of volume transport and Potential Vorticity with temperature at three sections across the Gulf Stream. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 19: 36-51.

Leaman, KD, Vertes PS, Atkinson LP, Lee TN, Hamilton P and Waddell E. 1995. Transport, potential vorticity, and current/temperature structure across Northwest Providence and Santaren Channels and Florida Current off Cay Sal Bank. J. Geophys. Res. 100 (1995):8561–8569.

Lee TN. 1975. Florida current spin-off eddies. Deep Sea Research and Oceanographic Abstracts 22(11):753-765.

Lee TN and Mayer A.  1977. Low-frequency current variability and spin off eddies on the shelf off southeast Florida. J. Mar. Res. 35(1977):193–220.

Lee TN & Mooers CNK. 1977. Near-bottom temperature and current variability over the Miami slope and Terrace. Bull. Mar. Sci. 27(4): 758-775.

Lee TN, Schott F & Zantopp R. 1985. Florida Current: low-frequency variability as observed with moored current meters during April 1982 to June 1983. Science 227: 298-302.

Lee TN & Williams E. 1988. Wind-forced transport fluctuations of the Florida Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 18:937-946.

Lee TN & Williams E. 1999. Mean distribution and seasonal variability of coastal currents and temperatures in the Florida Keys with implications for larval recruitment.  Bull. Mar. Sci. 64:35-56.

Lee TN, Rooth C, Williams E, McGowan M, Szmant AF, Clarke ME. 1992. Influence of Florida Current, gyres and wind-driven circulation on transport of larvae and recruitment in the Florida Keys coral reefs. Continental Shelf Research 12(7-8):971-1002.

Lee TN, Leaman K, Williams E, Berger T and Atkinson L. 1995. Florida current meanders and gyre formation in the southern Straits of Florida, J. Geophys. Res. 100(C5):8607–8620.

Lee TN, Johns WE, Zantopp RJ & Fillenbaum ER. 1996. Moored observations of Western Boundary Current variability and thermohaline circulation at 26.5deg.N in the Subtropical North Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 26: 962-983.

Leichter JJ, Stewart HL & Miller SL. 2003. Episodic nutrient transport to Florida coral reefs. Limnol. Oceangr. 48(4):1394-1407.

Llewellyn G & Messing CG. 1993, Compositional and taphonomic variations in modern crinoid-rich sediments from the deep-water margin of a carbonate bank. Palaios, 8:554-573.

Major RP and Wilber RJ. 1991. Crystal habit, geochemistry, and cathodoluminescence of magnesian calcite marine cements from the lower slope of Little Bahama Bank. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 103:461-471.

Malloy RJ & Hurley RJ. 1970. Geomorphology and geologic structure: Straits of Florida. Geological Society of America Bulletin 81:1947-1972, 1 map.

Mangarella PA and Heronemus WE. 1979. Thermal properties of the Florida Current as related to Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC). Solar Energy 22(6):527-533.

Masaferro JL and Eberli GP. 1999. The structural evolution of southern Great Bahama Bank, southern Bahamas. In: P. Mann (ed.) Caribbean Basins, Sedimentary Basins of the World, 4. Elsevier, Amsterdam, p. 167-193.

Masaferro JL, Poblet J, Bulnes M, Eberli GP, Dixon TH and McClay K. 1999. Paleogene – Neogene/present day(?) growth detachment folding in the Bahamian foreland in the Cuban fold and thrust belt. Journal of the Geological Society. 156: 617-631.

Mayer DA, Leaman KD and Lee TN. 1984. Tidal motions in the Florida Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 14 (1984):1551–1559.

Meinen CS, Baringer MO and Garcia RF. 2010. Florida Current transport variability: An analysis of annual and longer-period signals. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 57(7): 835-846.

Messing CG. 1978. A revision of the comatulid genus Comactinia A.H. Clark (Echinodermata: Crinoidea).  Bull.  Mar. Sci. 28:49-80.

Messing CG. 1981. Reclassification and redescription of the comatulid Comatonia cristata (Hartlaub) (Echinodermata: Crinoidea).  Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 94:240-253.

Messing CG. 1984. Brooding and paedomorphosis in the deep-water feather star Comatilia iridometriformis A.H. Clark (Crinoidea: Comatulida).  Marine Biology 80:83-91.

Messing CG. 1985. Submersible observations of deep-water crinoid assemblages in the tropical western Atlantic Ocean. pp. 185-193 IN: Keegan, B.F. and O'Connor, B.D.S. (eds.) Proc. Fifth Intl. Echinoderm Conf., Galway. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Messing CG. 1997. Biozonation on deep-water carbonate mounds and associated hardgrounds in the northeastern Straits of Florida. Geological Society of America, Southeastern Section, Abstracts with Programs 29(3): 58.

Messing CG. 2004. Biozonation on deep-water carbonate mounds and associated hardgrounds along the western margin of Little Bahama Bank, with notes on the Caicos Platform island slope. Pp. 107-115 IN Lewis, R.D. & Panuska, B.C. (eds.) 11th Symposium on the Geology of the Bahamas and other Carbonate Regions, Gerace Research Center, San Salvador, Bahamas.

Messing CG, Neumann AC & Lang JC. 1990. Biozonation of deep-water lithoherms and associated hardgrounds in the northeastern Straits of Florida. Palaios 5:15-33.

Messing CG & Rankin D. 1995. Local variations in skeletal contribution to sediment by a modern stalked crinoid (Chladocrinus decorus)(Echinodermata) relative to distribution of a living population. Geol. Soc. Amer. Abstr. with Progr. 27(6): A136.

Messing CG, David J, Baumiller TK, Roux M & Ameziane N. 2001. Stalk growth rates of Isocrinidae: a summary of a decade of in situ experiments. p. 125 In: Barker M (ed) Echinoderms 2000; Proc. 10th Internatl. Echinoderm Conf., Dunedin, N.Z., 2000. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Messing CG, Moyer R, Gilliam DS, Walker B, Dodge RE & Shaul R. 2003. Deep-Water Biological Habitat Survey Report for the Tractabel Calypso Natural Gas Pipeline:  Extension of existing survey to 200 m depth. Ecological Services Program, URS Corporation, Miami Springs, FL 33166. 31 pp. + map.

Messing CG, Gilliam DS, Walker BK, Moyer R, Dodge RE & Shaul R. 2003. Deep-water biological habitat survey report for the Blue Marlin natural gas pipeline. Submitted to: Gary D. Goeke, Ecology and Environment, Inc. 36 pp.

Messing CG, Walker BK, Dodge RE, Reed JK & Brooke SD. 2006. Calypso LNG Deepwater Port Project, Florida, Marine Benthic Video Survey. Submitted to Ecology and Environment, Inc. & SUEZ Energy North America, Inc. 40 pp. + appendices.

Messing CG, Walker BK, Dodge RE & Reed JK. 2006. Calypso U.S. Pipeline, LLC, Mile Post (MP) 31 - MP 0, Deep-water Marine Benthic Video Survey. Submitted to SUEZ Energy North America, Inc. 64 pp. + appendices.

Messing CG, David J, Roux M, Améziane N & Baumiller TK. 2007. In situ stalk growth rates in tropical western Atlantic sea lilies (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). J Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 353 (2007) 211–220.

Meyer DL, Messing CG and Macurda DB JR. 1978. Zoogeography of tropical western Atlantic Crinoidea.  Bull. Mar. Sci. 28:412-441.

Meyerhoff AA & Hatten CW. 1974. Bahamas salient of North America: Tectonic framework, stratigraphy and petroleum potential. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 58:1201-1239.

Milliman JD, Manheim FT, Pratt RM, Zarudski EF (1967) Alvin dives on the continental margin off the southeastern United States, July 2-13, 1967. Tech Rep Woods Hole Oceanogr Inst 67-80, 48 pp.

Minter LL, Keller G & Pyle T. 1975. Morphology and sedimentary processes in and around Tortugas and Agassiz Sea Valleys southern Straits of Florida. Mar. Geol. 18:47-69.

Molinari RL, Wilson WD & Leaman K. 1985. Volume and heat transports of the Florida Current: April 1982 through August 1983. Science 227:292-294.

Montgomery RB. 1938. Fluctuations in the monthly sea level on the eastern U.S. Coast as related to dynamics of the western North Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Marine Research, 1:32-37.

Mullins HT. 1983. Modern carbonate slopes and basins of the Bahamas: Platform margin and deep-water carbonates. SEPM Short Course Notes 12:1-138.

Mullins HT & Lynts GW. 1977. Origin of the northwestern Bahama Platform: review and reinterpretation. Geological Society of America Bulletin 88:1447-1461.

Mullins HT & Neumann AC. 1977. Deep carbonate bank margin structure and sedimentation in the northern Bahamas. Society of Economic Paleontologists & Mineralogists Special Publication no. 27: 165-192.

Mullins HT & Neumann AC. 1979. Deep carbonate bank margin structure and sedimentation in the northern Bahamas. SEPM Special Publ. (27):165-192.

Mullins HT, Newton CR, Heath K, Van Buren HM. 1981. Modern deep-water coral mounds north of Little Bahama Bank: criteria for recognition of deep-water coral bioherms in the rock record. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 51(3):999-1013.

Mullins HT, Heath KC, Van Buren HM and Newton CR. 1984. Anatomy of a modern open-ocean carbonate slope: northern Little Bahama Bank. Sedimentology 31:141-168.

Neumann AC & Ball MM. 1970. Submersible observations in the Straits of Florida: geology and bottom currents. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 81:2861-2874.

Neumann AC, Kofoed JW & Keller GH. 1977. Lithoherms in the Straits of Florida. Geology 5(1):4-10.

Neuweiler F, Rutsch M, Geipel G, Reimer A and Heise K-H. 2000. Soluble humic substances from in situ precipitated microcrystalline calcium carbonate, internal sediment, and spar cement in a Cretaceous carbonate mud-mound. Geology 28:851-854.

Niiler PP & Richardson WS. 1973. Seasonal variability of the Florida Current. J. Mar. Res. 31:144-167.

Olson DB, Brown OB and Emerson SR. 1983. Gulf Stream frontal statistics from Florida Straits to Cape Hatteras derived from satellite and historical data, Journal of Geophysical Research. 88:4569-4577.

Partyka, M.L., S.W. Ross, A.M. Quattrini, G.R. Sedberry, T.W. Birdsong, J. Potter, S. Gottfried. 2007. Southeastern United States Deep-Sea Corals (SEADESC) Initiative: A collaboration to characterize areas of habitat forming deep-sea corals. NOAA Technical Memorandum OAR OER 1, 176 pp.

Paull CK, Chanton J, Martens C, Fullagar P, Neumann A & Coston J. 1991. Seawater circulation through the flank of the Florida Platform: evidence and implications. Mar. Geol. 102:265-279. 

Paull CK, Freeman-Lynde R, Bralower T, Gardemal J, Neumann A, D'Argenio B & Marsella E. 1990.Geology of the strata exposed on the Florida Escarpment.  Mar. Geol. 91:177-194.

Paull CK, Neumann AC, Ende BA am, Ussler W & Rodriguez NM. 2000. Lithoherms on the Florida-Hatteras slope. Marine Geology 136:83-101.

Pilskaln CH, Neumann AC & Bane JM. 1989. Periplatform carbonate flux in the northern Bahamas. Deep-Sea Research 36:1371-1406.

Pourtalès LF de. 1868. Contributions to the fauna of the Gulf Stream at great depths. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 1(6):103-141.

Pourtalès LF de.  1871.  Deep-sea corals.  Illustrated catalogue of the Mus. Comp. Zool.  2(4):1-99.

Pourtalès LF de. 1874. Crinoids and Corals. Zoological Results of the "Hassler" Expedition. Illus. Cat. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard Coll. 8:25-50.

Quinn JF. 1979. The systematics and zoogeography of the gastropod family Trochidae collected in the Straits of Florida and its approaches. Malacologia 19(1):1-62

Reed JK. 2002. Comparison of deep-water coral reefs and lithoherms off southeastern USA. Hydrobiologia 471:57-69.

Reed JK, Pomponi S, Frank T, Widder E (2002) Islands in the Stream 2002: Exploring Underwater Oases. Mission Three Summary: Discovery of new resources with pharmaceutical potential; vision and bioluminescence in deep-sea benthos. NOAA Ocean Exploration web site: http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/02sab/logs/summary/summary.html, 29 pp, HBOI DBMR Misc Cont No 208

Reed JK & Gilmore R. 1982. Nomination of a Habitat Area of Particular Concern (HAPC). Pages L-20-42 in  Brawner J (ed) Fishery management plan, final environmental impact statement for coral and coral reefs. Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic Fishery Management Councils, 337 p.

Reed JK & Hoskin CM. 1987. Biological and geological processes at the shelf edge investigated with submersibles. Pages 191-199, in Scientific applications of current diving technology on the U.S. Continental Shelf. NOAA Symp. Ser. Undersea Res., Vol. 2.

Reed JK & Wright A. 2004. Final cruise report.  Submersible and scuba collections on deep-water reefs off the east coast of Florida, including the Northern and Southern Straits of Florida and Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary for biomedical and biodiversity research of the benthic communities with emphasis on the Porifera and Gorgonacea, May 20- June 2, 2004.  Conducted by the Center of Excellence, HBOI and FAU, pp 54

Reed JK, Wright A & Pomponi S. 2004. Medicines from the deep sea: exploration of the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Pages 58-70 in Proc. Amer. Acad. Underwater Sci. 23th annual scientific diving symposium, March 11-13, 2004, Long Beach, California.

Reed JK & Ross S. 2005. Deep-sea reefs off the southeastern USA: recent discoveries and research.  Current- J. Mar. Education 21: 33-37.

Reed JK, Pomponi SA, Weaver D, Paull CK, Wright AE. 2005. Deep-water sinkholes and bioherms of South Florida and the Pourtalès Terrace—Habitat and Fauna. Bull. Mar. Sci. 77(2):267-29

Reed JK, Weaver DC & Pomponi SA. 2006. Habitat and fauna of deep-water Lophelia pertusa coral reefs off the southeastern U.S.: Blake Plateau, Straits of Florida, and Gulf of Mexico. Bull. Mar. Sci. 78(2):343-375.

Richardson WS, Schmitz WJ Jr & Niiler PP. 1969. The velocity structure of the Florida Current from the Straits of Florida to Cape Fear. Deep-Sea Res. 16 (Suppl.):225-234.

Roberts JM, Wheeler AJ, Freiwald A (2006) Reefs of the deep: the biology and geology of cold-water coral ecosystems. Science312:543-547

Rogers AD (1999) The biology of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus 1758) and other deep-water reef-forming corals and impacts from human activities. Intl Rev Hydrobiol84:315-406

Rona PA & Clay CS. 1966. Continuous Seismic Profiles of the Continental Terrace off Southeast Florida. Bulletin Geological Society of America 77(1):31-44.

Rosenthal Y, Boyle EA & Slowey N. 1997. Temperature control on the incorporation of magnesium, strontium, fluorine, and cadmium into benthic foraminiferal shells from Little Bahama Bank: Prospects for thermocline paleoceanography. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61(17):3633-3643.

Ross SW (2006) Review of distribution, habitats, and associated fauna of deep water corals reefs on the southeastern United States continental slope (North Carolina to Cape Canaveral, FL). Report to the South Atlantic Fishery Management Council, Charleston, SC. 36 pp

Ross SW, Nizinski MS (2007) State of Deep Coral Ecosystems in the US Southeast Region: Cape Hatteras to southeastern Florida. p.233-270, Ch 6 In: Lumsden SE, Hourigan TF, Bruckner AW, Dorr G (eds.). The State of Deep Coral Ecosystems of the United States. NOAA Technical Memo. CRCP-3, Silver Spring, MD 365 pp

Ross SW, Quattrini AM (2007) The Fish Fauna Associated with Deep Coral Banks off the Southeastern United States. Deep-Sea Research Part I 54(6): 975-1007.

Schmitz WJ Jr & Richardson WS. 1968. On the transport of the Florida Current. Deep-Sea Res. 15:679-693.

Schmitz WJ and Richardson PL. 1991. On the sources of the Florida Current. Deep-Sea Res. 38 (Suppl.):379-409.

Schmitz WJ Jr, Luyten JR and Schmitt RW. 1993. On the Florida Current T/S envelope. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean. 53(1):1048-1065.

Schott FA & Zantopp RJ. 1985. Florida Current: seasonal and interannual variability. Science 227:308-311.

Schott F, Lee TN and Zantopp R. 1988. Variability of structure and transport of the Florida Current in the period range of days to seasonal. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 18, 1209-1230.

Seim HE, Winkel DP, Gawarkiewicz G & Gregg MC. 1999. A benthic front in the Straits of Florida and its relationship to the structure of the Florida Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 29:3125-3132.

Shay LK, Cook TM, Haus BK, Martinez J, Peters H, Mariano AJ, An PE, Smith S, Soloviev A, Weisberg R and Luther  M. 2000. VHF radar detects oceanic submesoscale vortex along the Florida coast. EOS 81(19): 209–213.

Shay LK, Cook TM and An PE. 2003. Submesoscale coastal ocean flows detected by very high frequency radar and autonomous underwater vehicles. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 20:1583-1599.

Sheridan RE. 1974. Atlantic continental margin of North America, pp. 391-407 IN Burke, C.A. & Drake, C.L. (eds.) Geology of Continental Margins. Springer-Verlag, NY.

Shinn EA, Reich CD, Locker SD & Hine AC. 1996. A giant sediment trap in the Florida Keys. J. Coast Res. 12:953-959.

Shoosmith DR, Baringer MO & Johns WE. 2005. A continuous record of Florida Current temperature transport at 27°N. Geophysical Research Letters 32: L23603, doi:10.1029/2005GL024075

Siegler VB. 1959. Reconnaissance survey of the bathymetry of the Straits of Florida. Univ. Miami Marine Lab. Tech. Rept., 59-3, 9 pp.

Smith JE, Risk MJ, Schwarcz HP, McConnaughey TA. 1997. Rapid climate change in the North Atlantic during the Younger Dryas recorded by deep-sea corals. Nature 386:818-820.

Smith NP. 1982. Upwelling in Atlantic shelf waters of south Florida. Florida Sci. 45(2):125-138.

Soto L. 1985. Distributional Patterns of Deep-Water Brachyuran Crabs in the Straits of Florida. Journal of Crustacean Biology 5(3):480-499.

Soto LA. 1991. Zoogeographic status of the deep brachyuran fauna of the Straits of Florida. Bull. Mar. Sci. 49(1-2):623-637.

Squires DF. 1963. Modern tools probe deep water. Nat. Hist. 72(6);22-29.

Staiger JC. 1970. The distribution of the benthic fishes found below two hundred meters in the Straits of Florida. Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of Miami. 245 p.

Stetson TR, Squires DF & Pratt RM. 1962, Coral banks occurring in deep water on the Blake Plateau, American Museum Novitates no. 2114:1-39.

Stimpson W. 1871. Preliminary report on the Crustacea dredged in the Gulf Stream in the Straits of Florida, by L.F. de Pourtales, Assist. U.S. Coast Survey. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 2: 109-160.

Teichert C. 1958. Cold- and deep-water coral banks.  Bull. Amer. Assoc. petrol. Geol. 42: 1064-1082.

Uchupi E. 1969. Morphology of the continental margin off southeastern Florida. Southeastern Geology 11:129-134.

Wang J & Mooers CNK. 1997. Three-dimensional perspectives of the Florida Current: transport, potential vorticity, and related dynamical properties. Dyn. Atmos. & Oceans 27:135-149.

Weatherly GL. 1977. Bottom Boundary Layer Observations in the Florida Current. Bottom Turbulence, Proceedings of the 8th International Liege Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics. Elsevier Oceanography Series 19:237-254.

Winkel DP, Gregg MC and Sanford TB. 2002. Patterns of shear and turbulence across the Florida Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 32:3269-3285.

Worthington LV and Kawai H. 1972. Comparisons between deep sections across the Kuroshio and the Florida Current and Gulf Stream, in Kuroshio, its Physical Aspects, H Stommel and K Yoshida (eds.), University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, pp. 371-385.

Wunsch C, Hansen DV, and Zetler BD. 1969.Fluctuations of the Florida Current inferred from sea level records, Deep-Sea Research. 16 (Suppl.):447-470.