Globally, biodiversity is being dramatically altered by human activities. This is especially evident in the marine environment. Because many species remain undiscovered, and ecological roles of existing species are poorly understood, the magnitude of these changes is difficult to evaluate. This course will discuss multiple aspects of marine biodiversity including: definition and importance of marine biodiversity to marine conservation issues; threats to marine biodiversity including non‐indigenous species introductions; impediments to marine conservation; scientific constraints; developing tools and forums for conserving marine biodiversity, and evaluating existing marine biodiversity initiatives currently in place and planned. Management approaches such as marine protected areas, no‐take or completely protected reserves, and special management areas will be discussed and evaluated.
The students will:
understand the complex nature of the process that affect and control marine biodiversity
learn the history of biodiversity, both in a traditional sense and the post-modern synthesis now taking place
will be familiar with the major paradigms used to explain biogeographic pattern, and how emerging studies are calling into question long-held traditions and beliefs of what marine biodiversity is and how it is managed.
understand the power of hypothetico deductive methods, and how it is employed in pattern process models of biodiversity
identify threats to biodiversity and what mechanisms are emerging to address loss of biodiversity
gain understanding of the impact and rapid spread of non-indigenous marine species, methods of introduction and spread, and current control measures
gain knowledge of how major fisheries management programs relate to biodiversity loss and conservation
have a detailed understanding of the global, basin, regional, and local threats to marine environments
be able to conceptualize research and management actions to prevent loss of diversity
understand major legislative and legal actions of governments and institutions that have been enacted to deal with threats to biodiversity.
measure the success/failure of current action strategies, such as Marine Protected Areas, by applying lessons learned and incorporation of emerging methods and data sources
The Mission of the Oceanographic Center is to carry out innovative, basic and applied research and to provide high-quality graduate and undergraduate education in a broad range of marine science and related disciplines.