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With a focus on learning, we employ a range of strategies to support innovation, collaboration across centers, and university-wide discussion and decision-making

 

Thirteenth Annual Grant Winners 2012-2013

Title

Injured Children Due to Urban Violence: Psychological and Familial Impact

Dean

Karen S. Grosby, M.Ed. (CPS)

Faculty and Students

Jan Faust, Ph.D. (CPS)
William Bracker, Psy.D. (CPS)
Sarah Nelson, B.A. (CPS)
Emily Claus, M.S. (CPS)
Rebecca Heidelberg, B.S. (CPS)

Abstract

Injured Children Due to Urban Violence: Psychological and Familial ImpactUrban Violence is becoming increasingly prevalent and children are often unwitting victims of its effects. Little research has been conducted that has specifically examined the psychological effects of this type of violence on the victim(s), and how such violence and concomitant injury impact the family and parental structures. The purpose of this present study is to examine how post-traumatic stress can develop differently after a child experiences a traumatic event involving either an urban violence related situation (e.g. drive-by-shooting, stabbing, gang-related, etc.) or a non-violent/accidental situation. In addition, we will examine how the individuals' community of living and home environment, levels of support, and social and economic circumstances can affect the development of traumatic stress in conjunction with either a violence related or non-violence related injury. Individuals who have experienced either of these types of injuries between the ages of 6 and 16 will be recruited as inpatients at a local hospital within 48 hours of their initial injury and admittance. Children with severe brain injury will be excluded from the study. Measures of psychosocial and familial functioning will be administered at intake, as well as during 6 and 12 month follow-up visits taking place over the phone. Following the data collection phase, results will be initially analyzed using a two factor mixed design analysis of co-variance (ANCOVA) in multiple regression to remove the effects of identified covariates (e.g., Socio-economic status, race, gender) within the research design as well as to adjust each group mean on the dependent variable. Subsequently, repeated Multivariate analyses of covariance (MANCOVA) will be conducted to determine group differences (urban violence vs. accidental injury) with respect to outcome variables (behavioral and emotional problems, traumatic stress, family functioning and coping levels.)