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With a focus on learning, we employ a range of strategies to support innovation, collaboration across centers, and university-wide discussion and decision-making


Sixth Annual Grant Winners 2005-2006

Debra Stern, D.B.A. – HPD College of Allied Health
Joseph Pizzimenti, O.D. – HPD College of Optometry
Jennie Lou, M.D. – HPD College of Osteopathic Medicine
Leah Nof, Ph.D. – HPD College of Allied Health
Sherrol Reynolds, O.D. – HPD College of Optometry
Alexandra Espejo, O.D. – HPD College of Optometry
Alan Kabat, O.D. – HPD College of Optometry
Annette Bade, O.D. HPD College of Optometry

Dean Richard Davis – HPD College of Allied Health
Dean Anthony Silvagni – HPD College of Osteopathic Medicine
Dean David Loshin – HPD College of Optometry

Title: Relationship Between Fitness Levels and Eye Health in Individuals with Type 2 Daibetes


Need/Background: Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions. Obesity and lack of fitness correlate with rise in numbers diagnosed annually. Diabetes is a multi-system disease, impacting all body systems including musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, neuromuscular, and the eye and vision. Diabetic retinopathy is estimated to be the most frequent cause of new blindness cases in the U.S. among adults. Rationale: Walking has been shown to diminish the pathology associated with diabetes. However, the longitudinal effects of fitness, exercise tolerance and the correlation with eye health and disease management have not been established. Methodological design: This pilot study will use one group pre and post-test design targeting adults. Fitness levels and eye health will be assessed at entry and at nine months. Subjects, based on their initial findings, will be instructed in walking programs. Levels will be determined based on history and completion of the SF 36, Timed Up and Go (TUG), height/weight and BMI, lower extremity sensory assessment and 6-minute walk test Eye health will be determined through history and opthalmic examination. Subjects will be instructed in appropriate walking programs and will use pedometers to track performance and compliance. Data Analysis: Wilcoxin Signed – Ranks test comparing pre and post-test SF 36 scores and paired t- tests comparing scores for the TUG with significance determined at the p = <.05 level will be used. Results of all ophthalmic testing will be reported using the appropriate units of measure. Significance: This proposal illustrates the aims of the investigators to increase exercise tolerance and fitness as preventive and disease management strategies for individuals with diabetes as they pertain to eye health and fitness levels. The results of the study shall be used to meet the needs of the local community and to seek external funding for future research.